“There’s a diversity of spaces and engagement with the landscape. It skillfully takes in the treetop elements all the way down to the underground research center.”
— 2017 Awards Jury
项目概述 PROJECT STATEMENT
The Waterfront Botanical Gardens Master Plan details the transformation of a former landfill into a lush, interactive landscape and community amenity for the City of Louisville, Kentucky. It represents a once-in-a-generation opportunity to design a visitor destination that would establish Kentucky as a global leader in sustainable design, localism, and stewardship of the land. The plan synthesizes the natural advantages of this waterfront site while cultivating a rich program founded on three major themes–Transformation, Discovery, and Health. The Gardens offer unique journeys for a range of users, from children and amateur gardeners to professional researchers, artists, educators, and chefs. Designed for the highest level of environmental performance, including LEED Platinum, SITES, and Living Building Challenge certification, the plan raises the bar for sustainability standards in the state. The Waterfront Botanical Gardens will be both a learning tool for sustainability and a catalyst for the continued renaissance of Louisville.
The vision of Waterfront Botanical Gardens is to create a botanical garden and conservatory of extraordinary beauty that engages, enlightens, and inspires people. Through those experiences, visitors will gain an appreciation and understanding of plants working to create a more harmonious and sustainable world. The project will transform a 75-year scar on a city into a place that catalyzes redevelopment, brings tourists from around the world, and becomes an icon for the city.
The scope of work was a nine-month study that included site analysis, botanical gardens research, community engagement, design, and implementation strategies. During this period, the team focused on designing a project that would be distinctly Louisville while also being a place that could be an influential model that is studied around the world.
The physical organization of the 23-acre site, a series of diverse yet inter-related gardens, is broadly divided into three thematic zones that respond to the existing character of the land. The Gardens are designed to offer an endless configuration of experiences so that each is unique for a visitor. The spine marks a clear orientation from the east to the west on the southern portion of the site, while the northern portion allows for visitors to get lost in an urban oasis.
But the focus of design was a true integration of sustainability, architecture, engineering, and landscape into one seamless visitor experience. This integration is most evident at the Visitor Center and the Sustainability Garden. At the Visitor Center a native Kentucky prairie soars over the functional components of the architecture while a Water Filtration Garden (turning grey stormwater runoff to clean water) slips between the building programs, knitting the spaces together.
The Sustainability Garden mixes back-of-house workspace with education at the highest level of environmental performance. A showcase plaza lets children and adults “get dirty” and learn sustainable systems by working with planters and water pumps. These systems, including water and energy collection as well as blackwater treatment, play a role in Living Building Challenge certification. At one end of the plaza, modern greenhouses are open for public engagement to expose the working side of the garden and provide additional educational opportunities. On the other side of the plaza, an Education Pavilion provides a home for classes and research projects.
Other notable spaces include the Children’s Garden, the Overlook, and the Trellis. The Children’s Garden integrates education through architecturally sculpted seed pods. Children can interact by climbing, swinging, or crawling through the sculptures during the day while at night the seed pods transform into lanterns to create a beacon for the garden. The Overlook provides a viewing platform over the adjacent Beargrass Creek where visitors can gather and interact with the forest canopy. The structure of the overlook has been designed to play off the existing design language of the woods. Lastly, the Trellis incorporates a series of native vines and frames views to the nearby prairie and conservatory, enveloping visitors in a living sculpture. All of these spaces and more combine to create a unique experience only found at this garden.
场地历史 SITE HISTORY
The site has morphed from neighborhood, to landfill, to a forgotten space near the heart of the city. This project will transform a 75-year scar on a city into a place that catalyzes redevelopment, brings tourists from around the world, and becomes an icon for the city.
内容分析 CONTEXT ANALYSIS
In addition to conducting a thorough site analysis, the design team expolored and documented the unique cultural, historic, and ecological context of the former landfill site.
场地理解 SITE UNDERSTANDING
Complex existing site conditions pose significant limits to design elements while also allowing unique opportunities. These conditions included abundant steep slopes, invasive plant communities, and variable landfill soil strata.
人生经历 EXPERIENCE ACROSS A LIFETIME
The gardens are designed to provide an engaging an dever-changing mix of activities for the widest possible audience. From the very youngest guests to senior citizens, visitors of all ages will find reasons to come back again and again.
集思广益的设计过程 COLLABORATIVE DESIGN PROCESS
Community input gave participants an opportunity to highlight their goals and values which became design drivers for the Gardens.
总平面 master plan
主题体验 THEMATIC EXPERIENCE
Each garden is designed to offer visitors a unique experience. To tie these experiences together, a series of thematic approaches are strategically integrated into the site. An east-west spine binds these approaches across the site acting as a touch point along the way.
主要植物体系 PERFORMANCE PLANT REGIMES
Given the complex nature of the landfill soil composition, careful consideration has been given to how plant selection can aid in the sequestration of soil contaminants across the site. The design team used the soils report and plant research to develop a heavy metals tolerance matrix in order to best inform this plan selection.
可持续性学习工具 A LEARNING TOOL FOR SUSTAINABILITY
中央骨架 THE CENTRAL SPINE
A sculptural trellis and ailée provide an immersive experience for visitors along the central spine.
A dramatic overlook structure serves as the eastern terminus of the Gardens’ main circulation spine offering extensive views over the creek and its wooded floodplain.
儿童公园 CHILDREN’S GARDEN
The Children’s Garden is set into a restored and enhanced native woodland reinforcing the authentic connection to nature that is central to this garden’s spirit of playfulness and advanture.
鼓励公共参与的植物园设计 garden design for universal access
雨水花园 bio-filtration gardens
教育馆和可持续性技术展示花园 education pavilion and sustainability gardens
This Garden and plaza are highly interactive with education exhibits, raised (accessible) planting beds for gardening, weather forecasting equipment, test plots, water and pollinator gardens and other elements.
Leo Alvarez, FASLA, Landscape Architecture Principal
Alexander (Zan) Stewart, ASLA, Project Manager
Ralph Johnson, ASLA, Architecture Principal
Matthew Kuhl, Architectural Design Manager
Bryan Schabel, Design Architect
Thomas Brown, Landscape Architect
Katie Janson, ASLA, Branded Environments Designer
Luke Murphree, ASLA, Landscape Architect
Andrea Sandoval, Associate ASLA, Landscape Designer
Patrick Beals, Landscape Designer
Hannah Palmer, Graphic Designer
Lauren Fraley, Landscape Designer
GARDEN PLANNING CONSULTANT：David Sacks Landscape Architecture
COST ESTIMATOR：Robert Pass & Associates, Inc.